Distribution of pingos from topographic maps, permafrost region, Siberia (RU)

Grosse, Guido; Jones, Benjamin M.

A detailed attributed point feature shapefile of 6059 pingo locations in a 3.5 × 10⁶ km² region of northern Asia was manually assembled from 1:200 000 scale Russian topographic maps. These medium-scale maps are based on detailed mapping efforts at 1:50 000 and 1:100 000 scales, which in turn are derived from aerial photography acquired in the 1970–1980s (Soviet Military Topographic Survey or Voenno-Topograficheskoe Upravle-nie General’nogo Shtaba, VTU GSh). A first order analysis of pingo distribution was carried out with respect to permafrost, landscape characteristics, surface geology, hydrology, climate, and elevation datasets using a Geographic Information System. The study area comprises the North Asian lowland regions of North, Northeast, Far East and Central Siberia and adjacent mountain ranges from 60.0° N to 76.3° N latitude and 60.0° E to 180.0° W longitude. The geographic re-gions covered in this study are the northern part of the West Siberian Lowlands including the Yamal and Gydan peninsulas, Taymyr Peninsula, Putorana Plateau, Khatanga-Anabar-Olenek Lowlands, Lena River Delta, Lena River Valley, central Yakutian Lowlands around Yakutsk; Yana-Indigirka-Kolyma Lowlands, New Siberian Islands, and the far east Siberian Chukotka region.

Detailed information about the methods can be found in the publication to which this dataset is a supplement.


In order to use these data, you must cite this data set with the following citation:


Grosse, Guido

Metadata Access

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Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Identifier DOI:10.1594/PANGAEA.906222
Institute Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA
Source https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.906222
Publication Date 2019-09-23
Version 1.0
Product Pingo Distribution
  1. point feature shapefile of pingo locations
Variables [Units]
  2. LAT: latitude of pingo position [decimal degrees]
  3. LONG_: longitude of pingo position [decimal degrees]
  5. M_ASL: height of pingo above sea level from map [m asl]
  6. M_ABASE: height of pingo above terrain from map [m, -9999 = unknown]
  7. MAP_CODE: designation of used map
  8. type_uni: pingo type [bulgunnyakh, ledyany kholm, ledyanye bugruy, unspecified]
  9. avgprecip: mean annual precipitation [mm]
  10. avgtemp: mean annual air temperature [°C]
  11. etopo1_ele: elevation of pingo locations [m asl]
  12. pf_type: permafrost type [Chf, Chr, Clf, Clr, Cmf, Dhf, Dlf, Dmf]
  13. pf_temp: mean annual ground temperature [°C]
Region Siberia
Spatial Reference ESRI:102025 WGS 84 / Asia North Albers Equal Area Conic
Spatial Resolution
Spatial Coverage Latitude 53.36 to 90.00, Longitude -180.00 to 180.00
Temporal Coverage
Temporal Resolution
Format Shapefile
Is Supplement to Grosse, G. and Jones, B. M.: Spatial distribution of pingos in northern Asia, The Cryosphere, 5, 13-33, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-5-13-2011, 2011.

Dataset extent

Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors