Permafrost ground temperature for the Northern Hemisphere, v2.0 from MODIS LST, ERA5, 1997-2018

Obu, Jaroslav; Westermann, Sebastian; Barboux, Chloé; Bartsch, Annett; Delaloye, Reynald; Grosse, Guido; Heim, Birgit; Hugelius, Gustaf; Irrgang, Anna; Kääb, Andreas Max; Kroisleitner, Christine; Matthes, Heidrun; Nitze, Ingmar; Pellet, Cécile; Seifert, Frank Martin; Strozzi, Tazio; Wegmüller, Urs; Wieczorek, Mareike.; Wiesmann, Andreas

For this dataset is a newer version available: /dataset/permafrost-cci-gtemp-north-hemisphere-v3-1997-2019

This dataset contains permafrost ground temperature data produced as part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Permafrost project. It forms part of the first version of their Climate Research Data Package (CRDP v1). It is derived from a thermal model driven and constrained by satellite data. Grid products of CDRP v1 are released in annual files, covering the start to the end of the Julian year. This corresponds to average annual ground temperatures and is provided for specific depths (surface, 1m, 2m, 5m , 10m).

Case A: It covers the Northern Hemisphere (north of 30°) for the period 2003-2017 based on MODIS Land Surface temperature merged with downscaled ERA5 reanalysis near-surface air temperature data. Case B: It covers the Northern Hemisphere (north of 30°) for the period 1997-2002 based on downscaled ERA5 reanalysis near-surface air temperature data which are bias-corrected with the Case A product for the overlap period 2003-2018 using a pixel-specific statistics for each day of the year.


Obu, Jaroslav

Metadata Access

DCAT in RDF/XML-Format

DCAT in Turtle-Format

DCAT in JSON-LD-Format

APGC Dataset Metadata in JSON-Format

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Identifier DOI:10.5285/6ebcb73158b14cd5a321b7c0bc6ed393
Project(s) ESA Permafrost Climate Change Initiative Project (Permafrost_cci)
Institute University of Oslo
Publication Date 2020-11-02
Version 2.0
Product Permafrost Ground Temperature
  1. Ground Temperature per year
Variables [Units]
  1. GST: surface_temperature [°C]
  2. T1m: solid_earth_subsurface_temperature [°C]
  3. T2m: solid_earth_subsurface_temperature [°C]
  4. T5m: solid_earth_subsurface_temperature [°C]
  5. T10m: solid_earth_subsurface_temperature [°C]
Region Circum-Arctic
Spatial Reference EPSG:3995 WGS 84 / Arctic Polar Stereographic
Spatial Resolution 1000 m
Spatial Coverage Latitude 30.00 to 90.00, Longitude -180.00 to 180.00
Temporal Coverage 1997-01-01T00:00:00 - 2018-12-31T23:59:59
Temporal Resolution July-August
Format NetCDF
Is Supplement To

Obu, J.; Westermann, S.; Barboux, C.; Bartsch, A.; Delaloye, R.; Grosse, G.; Heim, B.; Hugelius, G.; Irrgang, A.; Kääb, A.M.; Kroisleitner, C.; Matthes, H.; Nitze, I.; Pellet, C.; Seifert, F.M.; Strozzi, T.; Wegmüller, U.; Wieczorek, M.; Wiesmann, A. (2020): ESA Permafrost Climate Change Initiative (Permafrost_cci): Permafrost Climate Research Data Package v1. Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, date of citation.

Related to

Obu, Jaroslav; Westermann, Sebastian; Kääb, Andreas; Bartsch, Annett (2018): Ground Temperature Map, 2000-2016, Northern Hemisphere Permafrost. Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, PANGAEA,

Dataset extent

Map tiles and data by OpenStreetMap, under CC BY SA.