Lake-DOC Database (PeRL-DOCv1), 1979-2017, Permafrost-Region

Stolpmann, Lydia; Coch, Caroline; Morgenstern, Anne; Boike, Julia; Fritz, Michael; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Stoof-Leichsenring, Kathleen Rosmarie; Dvornikov, Yury; Heim, Birgit; Lenz, Josefine; Larsen, Amy; Walter Anthony, Katey M.; Jones, Benjamin; Frey, Karen; Grosse, Guido

The pan-Arctic Permafrost-Region Lake-DOC version1 database contains surface water samples of lakes in the permafrost regions of Alaska (49.3 %), Canada (24.2 %), Greenland (3.2 %) and Siberia (23.3 %). It includes concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) for each of the 1,833 lakes of our synthesis dataset. The lakes of the dataset are located in permafrost regions between 59.2° and 82.5° northern latitude and were sampled between the years 1979 and 2017. We synthesised published datasets and unpublished samples from the author team. We assigned the following information to each lake using existing secondary environmental parameter datasets:

  • permafrost zone (Brown et al., 1997; Jorgenson et al., 2008),
  • ecoregion (Olson et al., 2004),
  • deposit type (Fulton, 1995; Nielsen, 2010; Petrov et al., 2014; Strauss et al., 2016),
  • ground ice content (Brown et al., 1997; Jorgenson et al., 2008), and
  • soil organic carbon content (Hugelius et al., 2014).

The lakes cover the full range of permafrost extent from the isolated permafrost to continuous permafrost zone. They are located in the boreal forest ecoregion, in the tundra ecoregion and in the boreal-tundra transition zone. For a regionalization we subdivided the data into 13 study areas (22 sites).


In order to use these data, you must cite this data set with the following citation:


Stolpmann, Lydia

Metadata Access

DCAT in RDF/XML-Format

DCAT in Turtle-Format

DCAT in JSON-LD-Format

APGC Dataset Metadata in JSON-Format

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Identifier DOI:10.1594/PANGAEA.932262
Project(s) NUNATARYUK, Permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation (NUNATARYUK), Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century (PAGE21), Rapid Permafrost Thaw in a Warming Arctic and Impacts on the Soil Organic Carbon Pool (PETA-CARB)
Institute AWI Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research
Publication Date 2021-06-07
Version 1.0
Product Lake-DOC version1 Database
  1. Permafrost-Region Lake-DOC version1 Database - Shapefile
  2. Permafrost-Region Lake-DOC version1 Database - Tab delimited text file
  3. Permafrost-Region Lake-DOC version1 Database - CSV file
Variables [Units]
  1. Event
  2. Sample ID (of lake)
  3. Sampling date
  4. Reference (or sample collector if data is unpublished)
  5. Campaign
  6. Region
  7. Area
  8. Site
  9. Latitude
  10. Longitude
  11. State (Permafrost extent surrounding each lake)[continuous, discontinuous, sporadic, isolated]
  12. Ecoregion (Ecoregion for each lake) [tundra, boreal forest, boreal-tundra transition]
  13. DOC [mg/l]
  14. Deposit type
  15. Ground ice content (Surrounding ground ice content of each lake) [high, moderate, low, variable]
  16. SOC (0-100 cm depth) [kg/m²]
  17. SOC (100-200 cm depth) [kg/m²]
  18. SOC (200-300 cm depth) [kg/m²]
  19. SOC (0-300 cm depth) [kg/m²]
Region Permafrost Region
Spatial Reference EPSG:4326 WGS 84
Spatial Resolution
Spatial Coverage Latitude 59.23 to 82.51, Longitude -187.848 to 168.738
Temporal Coverage 1979-2017
Temporal Resolution
Format Tab-delimited text, Shapefile
Is Supplement To

Stolpmann, Lydia; Coch, Caroline; Morgenstern, Anne; Boike, Julia; Fritz, Michael; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Stoof-Leichsenring, Kathleen Rosmarie; Dvornikov, Yury; Heim, Birgit; Lenz, Josefine; Larsen, Amy; Walter Anthony, Katey M; Jones, Benjamin; Frey, Karen; Grosse, Guido (2021): First pan-Arctic assessment of dissolved organic carbon in lakes of the permafrost region. Biogeosciences, 18(12), 3917-3936,

Related to

Brown, J; Ferrians Jr., O J; Heginbottom, J A; Melnikov, E S (1997): Circum-Arctic map of permafrost and ground-ice conditions, Washington, DC. U.S. Geological Survey in Cooperation with the Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Circum-Pacific Map Series CP-45, scale 1:10,000,000, 1 sheet

Fulton, J R (1995): Surficial materials of Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, "A" Series Map 1880A, 1995, 1 sheet,

Halm, Douglas R; Griffith, Brad (2014): Water-quality data from lakes in the Yukon Flats, Alaska, 2010-2011. Open-File Report, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, 2014-1181,

Hamilton, Paul B; Gajewski, Konrad; Atkinson, D; Lean, C M B (2001): Physical and chemical limnology of 204 lakes from the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Hydrobiologia, 457(1/3), 133-148,

Johnston, Sarah Ellen; Bogard, Matthew J; Kellerman, Anne M; Wickland, Kimberly P; Spencer, Robert G M (2020): Hydrologic connectivity determines dissolved organic matter biogeochemistry in northern high‐latitude lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 65(8), 1764-1780,

Jorgenson, M Torre; Yoshikawa, Kenji; Kanevskiy, Mikhail Z; Shur, Yuri; Romanovsky, Vladimir E; Marchenko, Sergey; Grosse, Guido (2008): Permafrost characteristics of Alaska. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, University of Alaska: Fairbanks, 3, 121-122

Kokelj, S V; Jenkins, R E; Milburn, D; Burn, C R; Snow, N (2005): The influence of thermokarst disturbance on the water quality of small upland lakes, Mackenzie Delta region, Northwest Territories, Canada. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 16(4), 343-353,

Larsen, A S; O'Donnell, J A; Schmidt, J H; Kristenson, H J; Swanson, D K (2017): Physical and chemical characteristics of lakes across heterogeneous landscapes in arctic and subarctic Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122(4), 989-1008,

Lim, Darlene S S; Douglas, Marianne S V; Smol, John P; Lean, David R S (2001): Physical and Chemical Limnological Characteristics of 38 Lakes and Ponds on Bathurst Island, Nunavut, Canadian High Arctic. International Review of Hydrobiology, 86(1), 1-22,;2-E

Manasypov, R M; Pokrovsky, Oleg S; Kirpotin, S N; Shirokova, L S (2014): Thermokarst lake waters across the permafrost zones of western Siberia. The Cryosphere, 8(4), 1177-1193,

Manasypov, R M; Vorobyev, S N; Loiko, S V; Kritzkov, I V; Shirokova, L S; Shevchenko, Vladimir P; Kirpotin, S N; Kulizhsky, S P; Kolesnichenko, L G; Zemtzov, V A; Sinkinov, V V; Pokrovsky, Oleg S (2015): Seasonal dynamics of organic carbon and metals in thermokarst lakes from the discontinuous permafrost zone of western Siberia. Biogeosciences, 12(10), 3009-3028,

Medeiros, Andrew S; Biastoch, R G; Luszczek, C E; Wang, X A; Muir, Derek C G; Quinlan, R (2012): Patterns in the limnology of lakes and ponds across multiple local and regional environmental gradients in the eastern Canadian Arctic. Inland Waters, 2(2), 59-76,

Nielsen, A B (2010): Present Conditions in Greenland and the Kangerlussuaq Area. Working Report 2010-07, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen (Denmark), Posiva Oy, Helsinki (Finland)

Northington, Robert M; Saros, Jasmine E (2016): Factors Controlling Methane in Arctic Lakes of Southwest Greenland. PLoS ONE, 11(7), e0159642,

Olson, David; Dinerstein, Eric; Wikramanayake, Eric; et al. (2001): Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth: A new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity. BioScience, 51(11), 933-938,;2

Osburn, Christopher L; Anderson, Nicholas J; Stedmon, Colin A; Giles, Madeline E; Whiteford, Erika J; McGenity, Terry J; Dumbrell, Alex J; Underwood, Graham J (2017): Shifts in the Source and Composition of Dissolved Organic Matter in Southwest Greenland Lakes Along a Regional Hydro-climatic Gradient. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122(12), 3431-3445,

Pienitz, Reinhard; Smol, John P; Lean, C M B (1997): Physical and chemical limnology of 24 lakes located between Yellowknife and Contwoyto Lake, Northwest Territories (Canada). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 54(2), 347-358,

Pienitz, Reinhard; Smol, John P; Lean, David R S (1997): Physical and chemical limnology of 59 lakes located between the southern Yukon and the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula, Northwest Territories (Canada). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 54(2), 330-346,

Serikova, S; Pokrovsky, Oleg S; Laudon, Hjalmar; Krickov, I V; Lim, A G; Manasypov, R M; Karlsson, Johannes (2019): High carbon emissions from thermokarst lakes of Western Siberia. Nature Communications, 10(1), 1552,

Strauss, Jens; Laboor, Sebastian; Fedorov, Alexander N; Fortier, Daniel; Froese, Duane G; Fuchs, Matthias; Grosse, Guido; Günther, Frank; Harden, Jennifer W; Hugelius, Gustaf; Kanevskiy, Mikhail Z; Kholodov, Alexander L; Kunitsky, Victor V; Kraev, Gleb; Lapointe-Elmrabti, Lyna; Lozhkin, Anatoly V; Rivkina, Elizaveta; Robinson, Joel; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Shmelev, Denis; Shur, Yuri; Siegert, Christine; Spektor, Valentin; Ulrich, Mathias; Vartanyan, Sergey L; Veremeeva, Alexandra; Walter Anthony, Katey M; Zimov, Sergey A (2016): Database of Ice-Rich Yedoma Permafrost (IRYP). PANGAEA,

Dataset extent

Map tiles and data by OpenStreetMap, under CC BY SA.